Lanzarote is part of the Volcanic Archipelago that makes up the seven main islands commonly known as the Canary Islands.The Island lies just 70 miles off the African coast and is in the path of the North East Trade winds. Lanzarote is one of the oldest of the islands so the landscape is fairly low due to the effects of erosion over millions of years. The proximity of the island to the African coast and its low relief means it has a very arid climate with very little rainfall throughout the year.This of course has led to Lanzarote developing a thriving tourist trade since the early 60s. The warm all year round spring like temperatures appealed particularly to Northern Europeans as a winter holiday destination.
The temperatures on Lanzarote vary very little. The one factor that effects the temperatures the most is the wind. The winds are at their strongest in the Summer from July onwards.. They then start to receed somewhat as the Autumn and Winter approach. This means that the island attracts many water sports enthusiasts and in particular Surfers. Lanzarote isn`t called the Hawaii of Europe for no reason. Summer temperatures peak at around 28 to 30 degrees C in July and August. The evening temperatures at this time don`t drop too much,jst about 3 or 4 degrees C.The island has low relief and is therefore quite exposed aso when a winter storm rolls in it can be quite an experience. However it is very rare on Lanzarote to have more than three or four days without the Sunshine. The coldest months tend to be January and February.Daytime temperatures will still hit mid sixties to low seventies but as the days are shorter and winds can still be strong it will feel cooler. It is still pleasant though for most of the time.
Lanzarote is a small island only 30 miles from North to South and approximately 12 miles wide.With Fuerteventura just 6 miles across the strait at the South of the island in effect topographically you can view Fuerteventura and Lanzarote as one entitiy. The Lanzarote climate , temperatures etc are very similar except that Fuerteventura is even more exposesd because it is much larger./Even though Lanzarote is relatively low there is a chain of extinct volcanoes running down the spine of the island. Lanzarote does tend to be more windy and very slightly wetter in the North. The only moisture generated is from sea mists and low cloud hence there is very little real precipitation unless a tropical storm that has tracked across the Atlantic makes it`s way back with some energy. This has happenned from time to time in Lanzarote, the most recent occurence being in 2004 when the breakwatwers and beach at Playa Flamingo in Playa Blanca was very severely damaged.
Playa Blanca in the south of the island tends to be a few degrees warmer than the rest of Lanzarote and the winds tend to be less strong as the resort is protected by relief on three sides. In effect Playa Blanca has a micro climate of its own.
The only other variation in Lanzarote weather is due to the proximity to Africa. Usually three or four times a year when prevailing conditions allowing , hot dry air from North Africa is drawn into the islands. This results in a significant increase in temperatures that can be overpowering. This weather anomaly is known as the "Calima". Elderly people or people with respiratory problems are advised to stay indoors at these times as the heat and the dust in the air can be a health hazard.
A feature of the Calima is a hazy yellowish sky as a result of the wind blown sands from the Sahara. It is also these winds over millions of years that have overlain the black lava sands of Lanzarote and Fuerteventura with the yellow sands you see at Correlejo Dunes in Fuerteventura and the famous Papagayo Beaches east of Playa Blanca in Lanzarote.
Papagayo Beaches,near Playa Blanca,Lanzarote.